Your Stem Cell Cheat Sheet: Stem Cell Basics, Types & Uses

A photo of two young kids passing notes in class to symbolize that this article has all the stem cells information you need to know.

What are they?

Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and can divide to produce more itself.

Three Reasons Why They Are Important

  1. They have the potential to develop into many cell types.
  2. They can serve as an internal repair system.
  3. They have the potential to remain a stem cell or become a specialized cell.

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What Diseases Could Be Treated By Stem Cell Research?

There is no limit to the types of diseases that could be treated with stem cell research. Researchers are constantly making breakthroughs in different diseases because of advancements in umbilical cord blood and tissue.

There is no limit to the types of diseases that could be treated with stem cell research.

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What types of stem cells can be collected for Cord Blood Banking?

There are two types of stem cells that can be collected from cord blood and tissue banking. They are called hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and Meschymal Stem cells (MSCs).  HSCs are found in umbilical cord blood. MSCs are found in umbilical cord tissue. HSCs can treat more than 80 blood related disorders and diseases. MSCs are currently being used in more than 50 clinical trials. They can be used to treat any muscles, skin, cartilage, bone, or fat component of the body. What is extra special about MSCs is the fact that they can regenerate, creating multiple opportunities for use. Many expectant parents opt to bank their baby’s HSCs and MSCs as an insurance policy.

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Three things to Know About Stem Cell Treatments:

There are different types of stem cells, each with it’s own purpose.

To be used in treatments, they will have to be instructed to behave in a certain way.

The science is constantly moving forward.


“Stem Cell Basics.” What Are the Potential Uses of Human Stem Cells and the Obstacles That Must Be Overcome before These Potential Uses Will Be Realized? [Stem Cell Information]. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 July 2016

“The Power of Stem Cells.”California’s Stem Cell Agency. N.p., 23 Mar. 2009. Web. 06 July 2016.

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