Preterm Labor Signs & Symptoms

Signs of Preterm Labor

An estimated 12% of babies born in the United States each year are born prematurely.  While pregnancies can vary by a few weeks, the average pregnancy should last 40 weeks. These crucial 40 weeks help ensure baby is fully developed before birth and lessens the likelihood for complications post-birth. If a baby is born before they are fully developed, they are likely to require extra nutrients and care to ensure they are strong enough to survive. To help keep baby safe, it is important to know exactly when premature labor can occur and what are the signs.

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What Is Preterm Labor?

Also known as “premature labor,” preterm labor is when the body prepares to give birth earlier than the expected date of delivery, or prior to 37 weeks of gestation. If a mother goes into preterm labor and does not carry the child to term, Doctor’s will consider the birth preterm or premature, which present a number of potential health complications.  

Fortunately, going into preterm labor does not guarantee that one will give birth preterm. Doctors can delay birth once the symptoms of preterm labor begin to manifest, and for some women, the body will halt preterm labor on its own. The longer a baby remains safely in its mother’s womb until the expected due date, the less likely an infant is to have health complications postpartum.

Often there is no known cause for preterm labor. Some of the identified risk factors of preterm labor to be familiar with are:

  • A family history of preterm labor

  • A previous preterm labor or birth

  • Being underweight or overweight

  • Health conditions such diabetes, preeclampsia or high blood pressure

  • Multiple pregnancy (twins, triplets)

  • Smoking, excessive alcohol intake and illicit drug use

  • The presence of a fetal birth defect

  • Poor prenatal care

  • Short intervals between pregnancies

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Signs and Symptoms of Premature Labour

To halt premature labor in time, it is important to know and identify the symptoms.

  1. Lower back ache: This ache is typically constant and rhythmic

  2. Changes in vaginal discharge - excessively watery or mucus-like; increases in volume

  3. Vaginal bleeding

  4. Mild abdominal pain or cramps that may be accompanied by diarrhea

  5. Regular contractions

  6. Lower abdominal or pelvic pressure

  7. Ruptured membrane (the water breaks)

Please contact your physician immediately should you experience any of these symptoms.

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Can You do Cord Blood Banking if Baby if Born Prematurely?

Umbilical cord blood banking can be performed if baby is born prematurely. However, preterm babies have smaller volumes of cord blood so it is important for physicians to maximize the amount of blood collected.  

Newborn’s umbilical cord blood stem cells are currently being researched to help improve common medical complications associated with prematurity. Cerebral Palsy is an example of this.

The more premature an infant is the higher the incidence is that the infant is being born with Cerebral Palsy, a clinical trial out of Duke University is showing promising results for umbilical cord blood as a treatment for children born with Cerebral Palsy.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

With 1 in 8 babies being born prematurely, it is important to get your Americord 3-in-1 collection kit early. Learn more.

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